Sede Vacante

at the Death or Resignation of the Supreme Pontiff

At the resignation or death of the Pope before the election of a successor, the Petrine See of Rome becomes vacant (sede vacante). The canon laws governing this period of interregnum are specified in the Apostolic Constitution Universi Dominici gregis, later modified by the Motu Proprio Normas nonnullas. During the period of sede vacante, certain offices in the Roman Curia are suspended, and some offices have special roles as specified in Universi Dominici gregis.

Cardinals who are under the age of 80, as calculated on the day before the Apostolic See becomes vacant, are eligible to elect the Roman Pontiff in the Conclave.

Special liturgical rites are used for the Papal Funeral, for the Conclave and for the Inauguration of the Pontificate.

Offices that continue to be exercised

OfficePrelate
Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)

Vice-Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

BrazilArchbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (64)Archbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (64)

Major Penitentiary of Apostolic Penitentiary

ItalyCardinal Mauro Piacenza (79)Cardinal Mauro Piacenza (79)

Vicar General for the Vatican City State of Roma

ItalyCardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (58)Cardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (58)

Vicar General for the Vicariate of Rome of Roma

ItalyCardinal Angelo De Donatis (70)Cardinal Angelo De Donatis (70)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of Saint Peter

ItalyCardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (58)Cardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (58)

Substitute for General Affairs of Secretariat of State

VenezuelaArchbishop Edgar Peña Parra (63)Archbishop Edgar Peña Parra (63)

Secretary for Relations with States of Secretariat of State

EnglandArchbishop Paul Richard Gallagher (70)Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher (70)

Almoner of His Holiness of Dicastery for the Service of Charity

PolandCardinal Konrad Krajewski (60)Cardinal Konrad Krajewski (60)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal HouseholdVacant
Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura

FranceCardinal Dominique François Joseph Mamberti (71)Cardinal Dominique François Joseph Mamberti (71)

Dean of Tribunal of the Roman Rota

SpainArchbishop Alejandro Arellano Cedillo, C.O.R.C. (61)Archbishop Alejandro Arellano Cedillo, C.O.R.C. (61)

Auditor General of Office of the Auditor General

ItalyDr. Alessandro Cassinis Righini (58)

Secretaries of Dicasteries of the Roman Curia
Other Officials of Apostolic Penitentiary
Other Officials of Apostolic Signatura
Other Officials of Roman Rota
Apostolic Nuncios and Delegates to Nations
Holy See Representatives to World Organizations
Pontifical Swiss Guards

Offices in the Roman Curia that are suspended

OfficePrelate
Secretary of State of Secretariat of State

ItalyCardinal Pietro Parolin (69)Cardinal Pietro Parolin (69)

Pro-Prefect for the Section of New Evangelisation of Dicastery for Evangelisation

ItalyArchbishop Salvatore Fisichella (72)Archbishop Salvatore Fisichella (Rino) (72)

Pro-Prefect for the Section of Evangelisation of Dicastery for Evangelisation

PhilippinesCardinal Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle (66)Cardinal Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle (66)

Prefect of Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith

ArgentinaCardinal Victor Manuel Fernández (61)Cardinal Victor Manuel Fernández (61)

Prefect of Dicastery for the Eastern Churches

ItalyCardinal Claudio Gugerotti (68)Cardinal Claudio Gugerotti (68)

Prefect of Dicastery for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments

EnglandCardinal Arthur Roche (73)Cardinal Arthur Roche (73)

Prefect of Dicastery for the Causes of Saints

ItalyCardinal Marcello Semeraro (76)Cardinal Marcello Semeraro (76)

Prefect of Dicastery for Bishops

USACardinal Robert Francis Prevost, O.S.A. (68)Cardinal Robert Francis Prevost, O.S.A. (68)

Prefect of Dicastery for the Clergy

South KoreaCardinal Lazzaro You Heung-sik (72)Cardinal Lazzaro You Heung-sik (유흥식 라자로 / 俞興植) (72)

Prefect of Dicastery for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life

BrazilCardinal João Bráz de Aviz (76)Cardinal João Bráz de Aviz (76)

Prefect of Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)

Prefect of Dicastery for Promoting Christian Unity

SwitzerlandCardinal Kurt Koch (73)Cardinal Kurt Koch (73)

Prefect of Dicastery for Interreligious Dialogue

SpainCardinal Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot, M.C.C.J. (71)Cardinal Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot, M.C.C.J. (71)

Prefect of Dicastery for Culture and Education

PortugalCardinal José Tolentino Calaça de Mendonça (58)Cardinal José Tolentino Calaça de Mendonça (58)

Prefect of Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development

CanadaCardinal Michael Czerny, S.J. (77)Cardinal Michael Czerny, S.J. (77)

Prefect of Dicastery for Legislative Texts

ItalyArchbishop Filippo Iannone, O. Carm. (66)Archbishop Filippo Iannone, O. Carm. (66)

Coordinator of Council for the Economy

GermanyCardinal Reinhard Marx (70)Cardinal Reinhard Marx (70)

Prefect of Secretariat for the Economy

SpainDr. Maximino Caballero Ledo (64)

President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See

ItalyArchbishop Giordano Piccinotti, S.D.B. (49)Archbishop-elect Giordano Piccinotti, S.D.B. (49)

President of Commission for Confidential Matters

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)

President of Committee for Investments

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)

Other Members of Dicasteries of the Roman Curia

Offices with Special Duties at the Death or Resignation of the Supreme Pontiff

OfficePrelate
Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)

Vice-Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

BrazilArchbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (64)Archbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (64)

Coordinator of Council for the Economy

GermanyCardinal Reinhard Marx (70)Cardinal Reinhard Marx (70)

Master of Papal Liturgical Celebrations

ItalyArchbishop Diego Giovanni Ravelli (58)Archbishop Diego Giovanni Ravelli (58)

Vicar General for the Vicariate of Rome of Roma

ItalyCardinal Angelo De Donatis (70)Cardinal Angelo De Donatis (70)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of Saint Peter

ItalyCardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (58)Cardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (58)

Cardinal Dean of College of Cardinals

ItalyCardinal Giovanni Battista Re (90)Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re (90)

Protopriest of College of Cardinals

ThailandCardinal Michael Michai Kitbunchu (95)Cardinal Michael Michai Kitbunchu (95)

Protodeacon of College of Cardinals

ItalyCardinal Renato Raffaele Martino (91)Cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino (91)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal HouseholdVacant

Offices with Special Duties in the Conclave

OfficePrelate
Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (76)

Vice-Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

BrazilArchbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (64)Archbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (64)

Cardinal Electors
Cardinal Non-Electors
Senior Cardinal-Bishop of Cardinal Electors

ItalyCardinal Pietro Parolin (69)Cardinal Pietro Parolin (69)

Senior Cardinal-Priest of Cardinal Electors

Bosnia and HerzegovinaCardinal Vinko Puljić (78)Cardinal Vinko Puljić (78)

Senior Cardinal-Deacon of Cardinal Electors

USACardinal James Michael Harvey (74)Cardinal James Michael Harvey (74)

Junior Cardinal-Deacon of Cardinal Electors

SpainCardinal Ángel Fernández Artime, S.D.B. (63)Cardinal Ángel Fernández Artime, S.D.B. (63)

Secretary of College of Cardinals

BrazilArchbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (64)Archbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (64)

Master of Papal Liturgical Celebrations

ItalyArchbishop Diego Giovanni Ravelli (58)Archbishop Diego Giovanni Ravelli (58)

Assistant Masters of Ceremonies of Liturgical Celebrations

Cote d’IvoireMsgr. Didier Jean-Jacques BouabléMsgr. Didier Jean-Jacques Bouablé

TogoMsgr. Yala Banorani DjetabaMsgr. Yala Banorani Djetaba

ItalyMsgr. Cristiano Antonietti (37)Msgr. Cristiano Antonietti (37)

SlovakiaMsgr. Ľubomír Welnitz, Opus J.S.S. (46)Msgr. Ľubomír Welnitz, Opus J.S.S. (46)

PolandMsgr. Krzysztof Marcjanowicz (46)Msgr. Krzysztof Marcjanowicz (46)

SlovakiaMsgr. Ján Dubina (44)Msgr. Ján Dubina (44)

ItalyMsgr. Massimiliano Matteo Boiardi, F.S.C.B. (49)Msgr. Massimiliano Matteo Boiardi, F.S.C.B. (49)

ItalyMsgr. Marco Agostini (61)Msgr. Marco Agostini (61)

ItalyMsgr. Pier Enrico Stefanetti (71)Msgr. Pier Enrico Stefanetti (71)

Protonotaries Apostolic de numero of Papal Household

ItalyMsgr. Paolo Luca Braida (64)Msgr. Paolo Luca Braida (64)

EnglandMsgr. Brian Edwin Ferme (68)Msgr. Brian Edwin Ferme (68)

ItalyMsgr. Cesare Burgazzi (65)Msgr. Cesare Burgazzi (65)

USAMsgr. William V. Millea (71)Msgr. William V. Millea (71)

ItalyMsgr. Franco Piva (85)Msgr. Franco Piva (85)

ItalyMsgr. Leonardo Sapienza, R.C.J. (71)Msgr. Leonardo Sapienza, R.C.J. (71)

ItalyMsgr. Francesco Di Felice (89)Msgr. Francesco Di Felice (89)

Prelate Auditors of Roman Rota

ItalyMsgr. Pierangelo Pietracatella (54)Msgr. Pierangelo Pietracatella (54)

LebanonMsgr. Antonios Chouweifaty, L.M. (55)Msgr. Antonios Chouweifaty, L.M. (55)

USAMsgr. Laurence John Spiteri (73)Msgr. Laurence John Spiteri (73)

PolandMsgr. Robert Gołębiowski (61)Msgr. Robert Gołębiowski (61)

GermanyMsgr. Hans-Peter Fischer (62)Msgr. Hans-Peter Fischer (62)

ItalyMsgr. Francesco Viscome (56)Msgr. Francesco Viscome (56)

SlovakiaMsgr. Miroslav Konštanc Adam, O.P. (60)Msgr. Miroslav Konštanc Adam, O.P. (60)

MexicoMsgr. José Fernando Mejía Yáñez, M.G. (68)Msgr. José Fernando Mejía Yáñez, M.G. (68)

ItalyMsgr. Pietro Milite (53)Msgr. Pietro Milite (53)

ItalyMsgr. Antonio Bartolacci (61)Msgr. Antonio Bartolacci (61)

PortugalMsgr. Manuel Saturino da Costa Gomes, S.C.I. (71)Msgr. Manuel Saturino da Costa Gomes, S.C.I. (71)

ArgentinaMsgr. Alejandro W. Bunge (72)Msgr. Alejandro W. Bunge (72)

ItalyMsgr. Davide Salvatori (52)Msgr. Davide Salvatori (52)

SpainMsgr. Felipe Heredia Esteban (63)Msgr. Felipe Heredia Esteban (63)

ItalyMsgr. Vito Angelo Todisco (67)Msgr. Vito Angelo Todisco (67)

IsraelMsgr. David-Maria A. Jaeger, O.F.M. (69)Msgr. David-Maria A. Jaeger, O.F.M. (69)

IndiaMsgr. Michael Xavier Leo Arokiaraj (65)Msgr. Michael Xavier Leo Arokiaraj (65)

BrazilMsgr. Jair Ferreira Pena (68)Msgr. Jair Ferreira Pena (68)

PolandMsgr. Grzegorz Erlebach (69)Msgr. Grzegorz Erlebach (69)

FranceMsgr. Maurice Monier (71)Msgr. Maurice Monier (71)

Cardinal Dean of College of Cardinals

ItalyCardinal Giovanni Battista Re (90)Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re (90)

Protodeacon of College of Cardinals

ItalyCardinal Renato Raffaele Martino (91)Cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino (91)

Substitute for General Affairs of Secretariat of State

VenezuelaArchbishop Edgar Peña Parra (63)Archbishop Edgar Peña Parra (63)

Secretary for Relations with States of Secretariat of State

EnglandArchbishop Paul Richard Gallagher (70)Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher (70)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal HouseholdVacant

Last updated on 2024.02.25

See Also

Cardinal Electors and Non-Electors

Cardinals by Liturgical Precedence

Documents on Conclave

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