Saint Pionius of Smyrna, priest and martyr
At Smyrna, in present-day Turkiye, Saint Pionius, priest and martyr, who, as it is said, for having publicly held an apologia in defence of the Christian faith, after having suffered the bitterness of prison, during which he comforted with his encouragement many brothers to face martyrdom, cruelly tortured, obtained a happy end in Christ in fire.
Saint Constantine, king and martyr
Saint Sophronius, bishop of Jerusalem
At Jerusalem, Saint Sophronius, bishop, who had John Moschus as his teacher and friend, with whom he visited the places of monasticism; elected bishop of this see after Modestus, when the Holy City fell into the hands of the Saracens, he vigorously defended the faith and safety of the people.
Saint Vindicien, bishop of Cambrai and Arras
In the Hainault region of Neustria, in present-day France, Saint Vindicien, bishop of Cambrai and Arras, who invited Theodoric III to atone with penance for the crime committed with the killing of Saint Leodegar.
Saint Benedetto, bishop of Milano
At Milan, deposition of Saint Benedetto, bishop.
Saint Aengus, monk
In the monastery of Tallaght in Ireland, Saint Aengus, known as the Culdee, monk, who took care of composing a martyrology of the saints of Ireland.
Saint Eulogio, priest and martyr
At Cordoba in Andalusia, Spain, Saint Eulogio, priest and martyr, beheaded by the sword for having openly proclaimed faith in Christ.
Blessed Giovanni Righi, Franciscan priest
Blessed Thomas Atkinson, priest and martyr of England
At York, England, Blessed Thomas Atkinson, priest and martyr, who, during the reign of James I, suffered martyrdom just for being a priest.
Blessed John Kearney, Franciscan priest and martyr of Ireland
At Clonmel in Ireland, Blessed John Kearney, priest of the Order of Friars Minor and martyr: sentenced to death because he crossed England as a priest, he managed to avoid the sentence by fleeing, but later, under the government of Oliver Cromwell, accused a second time of having exercised the priesthood in his homeland, he was sentenced to hanging.
Saint Ðaminh Nguyễn Văn Cẩm, priest and martyr of Vietnam
At the city of Hung Yên in Tonkin, now Vietnam, Saint Ðaminh Nguyễn Văn Cẩm, priest and martyr, who for many years exercised his ministry clandestinely with danger of his life, even after ending up in prison, and, sentenced to death by order of the emperor Tu Duc, embraced the cross of the Lord which he had steadfastly refused to trample on.
Saint Maximilian, martyr at Tebessa
At Tebessa in Numidia, in present-day Algeria, Saint Maximilian, martyr, who, as son of the veteran Victor and also enlisted in the militia, replied to the proconsul Dion that it was not lawful for a faithful Christian to serve in the army and, refusing to lend military oath, was executed by sword.
At Nicomedia in Bithynia, in present-day Turkiye, commemoration of the holy martyrs Migdonus, priest, Eugene, Maximus, Domna, Mardonius, Esmaragdus and Hilary, one of whom was suffocated each day, to instil terror in the other companions.
In the same place, passion of Saint Peter, martyr, who, assigned to the rooms of the emperor Diocletian, fearlessly complaining of the tortures inflicted on the martyrs, was by order of the emperor himself taken to a public place and was first hung and tortured for a very long time, whipped, then burned on a fiery grill. Then Dorotheus and Gorgonius, also in charge of the king’s rooms, having protested, were punished with similar tortures and finally hanged.
Saint Innocent I, pope
Saint Pol Aurélien, first bishop of Saint-Pol-de-Léon
At Saint-Pol-de-Léon in Brittany, Saint Pol Aurélien, first bishop of this city.
Birth of Saint Gregory I, pope and doctor of the Church
Saint Theophanes the Chronicler, monk
At Sigriana in Bithynia in the monastery of Campogrande, in present-day Turkiye, deposition of Saint Theophanes the Chronicler, known as the Chronograph, who, from being very rich to poor monk, as a lover of sacred images was kept in prison for two years by the emperor Leo the Armenian and then deported to Samothrace, where he died of starvation.
Saint Ælfheah, bishop of Winchester
At Winchester in England, Saint Ælfheah, bishop, who, already as a monk, worked hard for the renewal of cenobitic life.
At the city of San Gimignano in Tuscany, Blessed Fina, virgin, who from an early age endured a long and serious illness with unconquered patience, trusting only in God.
Blessed Giustina Francucci Bezzoli, Benedictine virgin
Blessed Girolamo da Recanati Gherarducci, Augustinian priest
Saint Iosephus Zhang Dapeng, martyr of China
At the city of Guiyang in the province of Guangxi in China, Saint Iosephus Zhang Dapeng, martyr, who, having received the light of faith, opened his home to missionaries and catechists as soon as he was baptised and helped the poor, the sick and children in every way; led to the torment of the cross, he shed tears of joy at having been made worthy of dying for Christ.
Blessed Aniela Salawa, virgin of Third Order Franciscans
At Krakow, Poland, Blessed Aniela Salawa, virgin of the Third Order of Saint Francis, who chose to spend her whole life working as a servant: she lived humbly among the servants and migrated to the Lord in absolute poverty.
Saint Luigi Orione, priest, founder of the Sons of Divine Providence
Saint Sabinus, martyr at Minya
At Minya in Egypt, Saint Sabinus, martyr, who, after having suffered much, finally died by being thrown into the river.
Saint Christina, martyr
In Persia, Saint Christina, martyr, who, beaten with rods, received the crown of martyrdom under the reign of Khosrow I of Persia.
Saint Pient, bishop of Poitiers
Saint Leandro, bishop of Seville
At Seville in Spain, Saint Leandro, bishop, who, as brother of Saints Isidore, Fulgentius and Florentina, with his preaching and his active commitment converted the Visigoths from the Arian heresy to the Catholic faith, with the help of their king Reccared.
Saint Eldrado, abbot of Novalesa
In the monastery of Novalesa at the foot of Moncenisio in Val di Susa, Saint Eldrado, abbot, who, passionate about divine worship, reformed the psalter and promoted the construction of new churches.
At Cordoba in Andalusia, Spain, passion of Saints Rodrigo, priest, and Salomón, martyrs: the first, refusing to believe that Mohammed was a true prophet sent by the Almighty, was thrown into prison, where he met Solomon, who previously had for some time adhered to the Mohammedan religion, and together they gloriously completed their ordeal by beheading.
Saint Ansovino, bishop of Camerino
At Camerino in the Marche, Saint Ansovino, bishop.
Blessed Pietro, abbot
Blessed Agnellus of Pisa, Franciscan priest
At Oxford in England, Blessed Agnellus of Pisa, priest, who, sent by Saint Francis first to France and then to England, established the Order of Minors there and promoted the study of the sacred sciences.
Blessed Françoise Tréhet, virgin of the Sisters of Charity of Our Lady of Evron, martyr of France
At Ernée in the territory of Mayenne in France, Blessed Françoise Tréhet, virgin of the Congregation of Charity and martyr, who worked in every way for the education of children and the care of the sick and, during the French revolution, was pierced with the sword martyrdom for Christ.
Saint Alexander, martyr at Pydna
At Pydna in Macedonia, Saint Alexander, martyr.
Saint Lazzaro, archbishop of Milan
At Milan, Saint Lazzaro, bishop.
Saint Lubin, bishop of Chartres
At Chartres in France, Saint Lubin, bishop.
Saint Mathilde, queen of East Francia
At Quedlinburg in Saxony, Germany, Saint Mathilde, who, as a very faithful wife of King Henry, was notable for her humility and patience and did her utmost generously in assisting the poor and in founding hospitals and monasteries.
Saint Paulina, religious
In the territory of Fulda in Germany, Saint Paulina, religious.
Saint Ève, religious
At Liège in Lotharingia, in present-day Belgium, Saint Ève, cloistered nun in the monastery of Saint Martin, who together with Saint Juliana, prioress of the same monastery, worked to ensure that Pope Urban IV instituted the solemnity of the Body of Christ.
Blessed Giacomo Cusmano, founder of the Missionary Servants of the Poor and the Sister Servants of the Poor
At Palermo, Blessed Giacomo Cusmano, priest, who founded the Missionary Institute of the Servants of the Poor, famous for his extraordinary love for the needy and the sick.
Saint Menignus, martyr
At Parius in the Hellespont, in present-day Turkiye, Saint Menignus, dyer, who, as is handed down, suffered martyrdom under the emperor Decius.
Saint Zachary, pope
At Rome, Saint Zachary, pope, who stemmed the vehemence of the Lombard invasion, showed the Franks what was right government, endowed the Germanic peoples with churches and kept firm the union with the Church of the East, governing the Church of God with utmost care and prudence.
Saint Leocricia, virgin and martyr
At Cordoba in Andalusia, Spain, Saint Leocricia, virgin and martyr, who, born of a Moorish family, secretly progressed in the faith of Christ and, arrested at home together with Saint Eulogius, was beheaded four days after his martyrdom, thus passing to eternal glory.
Saint Sisebuto, abbot of Cardeña
Near Burgos in Castile in Spain, Saint Sisebuto, abbot of Caradeña.
Blessed William Hart, priest and martyr of England
At York, England, Blessed William Hart, priest and martyr, who, ordained in the English College of Rome, was hanged and disemboweled during the reign of Elizabeth I for having convinced some to embrace the Catholic faith.
Saint Louise, widow, founder of the Daughters of Charity
Saint Klemens Maria Hofbauer, Redemptorist priest
At Vienna, Austria, Saint Klemens Maria Hofbauer, priest of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, who admirably worked to spread the faith in distant lands and to renew ecclesiastical life and, distinguished for his ingenuity and virtue, induced many illustrious scientists and artists to approach to the Church.
Blessed Jan Wojciech Balicki, priest
At Przemyśl in Poland, Blessed Jan Wojciech Balicki, priest, who exercised his ministry in various ways for all the people of God, with particular care for the preaching of the Gospel and the assistance of young people in difficulty.
Saint Artémides Zatti, Salesian cooperator
At Viedma in Argentina, Saint Artémides Zatti, religious of the Society of Saint Francis de Sales, who shone for his missionary zeal and, having left for the inaccessible regions of Patagonia, dedicated himself all his life to the hospital of that city with great generosity, in all patience and humility, to the needs of the needy.
Saint Papa, martyr
At Seleucia in Persia, Saint Papa, originally from Lycaonia, in present-day Turkiye, for his faith in Christ, after many tortures, ended his life in martyrdom.
Saint Julian, martyr in Cilicia
At Ainvarza in Cilicia, in present-day Turkiye, Saint Julian, martyr, who, after being tortured for a long time under the governor Marciano, was closed in a sack full of snakes and plunged into the sea.
Saint Eusébie, abbess of Hamage
Saint Heribert, bishop of Cologne
Blessed Giovanni Cacciafronte, bishop of Vicenza and martyr
Passion of Saint Jean de Brébeuf, Jesuit priest and martyr of Canada
In the territory of the Hurons in Canada, passion of Saint Jean de Brébeuf, priest of the Society of Jesus, who, sent from France on a mission to the Hurons, after having accomplished many hardships, died for Christ under the cruel tortures of some local pagans. His memorial together with that of his companions is celebrated on October 19.
Saint Patrick, bishop
Saint Patrick, bishop: as a young man he was taken prisoner from Britain to Ireland; after recovering his freedom, he wanted to enter among the clerics; elected bishop upon returning to the same island, he announced the Gospel with commitment to the people and directed his Church with rigour, until at the city of Down in Ireland he fell asleep in the Lord.
Holy martyrs of Alexandria of Egypt during the time of Emperor Theodosius
Commemoration of many holy martyrs in Alexandria of Egypt, who, at the time of Emperor Theodosius, with the growing number of Christians, were captured by the faithful of Serapis and, firmly refusing to adore their idol, were cruelly killed.
Saint Agricole, bishop of Châlon-sur-Saône
Saint Gertrude, abbess of Nivelles
Saint Paul, monk and martyr
Saint Konrad, hermit
Saint Jan Sarkander, priest and martyr at Olomouc
Passion of Saint Gabriel Lalemant, Jesuit priest and martyr of Canada
In the territory of the Hurons in Canada, the passion of Saint Gabriel Lalemant, priest of the Society of Jesus, who with strenuous dedication spread the announcement of the glory of God in the language of the local populations, before being taken by some hostile idolaters to very cruel tortures. His memorial is celebrated together with that of his companions on October 19.
Blessed Juan Nepomuceno Zegrí y Moreno, priest, founder of the Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy
At Málaga in Spain, Blessed Juan Nepomuceno Zegrí y Moreno, priest, who consecrated his ministry to the service of the Church and the good of souls and, to better glorify God the Father in Christ, founded the Congregation of the Sisters of Charity of Blessed Mary Virgin of Mercy.
Saint Cyril, bishop of Jerusalem and doctor of the Church
Saint Cyril, bishop of Jerusalem and doctor of the Church, who, after having suffered many outrages from the Arians because of the faith and having been expelled from his see several times, he admirably explained to the faithful the right doctrine, the Scriptures and the sacred mysteries with homilies and catechesis.
Saint Alexander, bishop of Jerusalem and martyr
Commemoration of Saint Alexander, bishop and martyr, who, having come to Jerusalem from Cappadocia, accepted the pastoral care of the Holy City, where he founded a precious library and set up a school; later, having reached an advanced age after a long life, taken to Caesarea during the persecution of the emperor Decius, he suffered martyrdom for his faith in Christ.
Saint Frediano, bishop of Lucca
Saint Libert, hermit at Tours
Saint Braulio, bishop of Saragossa
Saint Edward, king of England and martyr
Saint Anselm, bishop of Lucca
At Mantua, transitus of Saint Anselm, bishop of Lucca: very faithful to the Roman See, during the investiture controversy he placed in the hands of Pope Saint Gregory VII the ring and crozier, which he had reluctantly received from Emperor Henry IV; expelled from his seat by the canons who refused to live in common with him, he was sent as legate to Lombardy by the pope, to whom he was of great help.
Saint Salvador de Horta Pladevall i Bien, Franciscan religious
Blessed Marthe Le Bouteiller, virgin of Christian Teachers of Mercy
In the cenoby of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte in Normandy in France, Blessed Marthe Le Bouteiller, virgin of the Sisters of the Christian Schools of Mercy, who, trusting strongly in God, always devoted herself with patience to the most humble services.
Saint Joseph, spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Solemnity of Saint Joseph, spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary: a just man, born of the lineage of David, he acted as a father to the Son of God Jesus Christ, who willed to be called the son of Joseph, and to whom he submitted, as to a father. The Church venerates him with special honour as a patron, placed by the Lord in custody of his family.
Saint Giovanni, abbot
Near Spoleto in Umbria, Saint Giovanni, abbot of Parrano, who was the father of many servants of God.
Blessed Isnardo da Chiampo, Dominican priest
Blessed Andrea Gallerani, founder of the Confraternity of Mercy
Blessed Giovanni Buralli da Parma, Franciscan priest
At Camerino in the Marches, Blessed Giovanni Buralli da Parma, priest of the Order of Minor, whom Pope Innocent IV sent as legate to the Greeks, to try to re-establish their communion with the Latins.
Blessed Sibillina Biscossi, virgin
At Pavia, Blessed Sibillina Biscossi, virgin, who, having been blind from the age of twelve, lived for sixty-five years in seclusion at the church of the Order of Preachers, illuminating with her interior light the many who turned to her.
Blessed Marco da Montegallo, Franciscan priest
Blessed Narcyz Turchan, Franciscan priest and martyr at Dachau
Near Munich in Germany, Blessed Narcyz Turchan, priest of the Order of Friars Minor and martyr, who, from Poland, oppressed by a nefarious regime, was deported for his faith to the Dachau detention camp, where he died under the torture.
Blessed Marcel Callo, martyr at Mauthausen
Saint Archippus, companion of Saint Paul the apostle
Saint Urbice, bishop of Metz
At Metz in Gallia Belgica, in present-day France, Saint Urbice, bishop.
Saint Martinho, bishop of Braga
Saint Cuthbert, bishop of Lindisfarne
On the island of Farne in Northumbria, in present-day England, transitus of Saint Cuthbert, bishop of Lindisfarne, who shone in his pastoral ministry for the same diligence previously shown in the monastery and in the hermitage, and peacefully harmonised austerity and lifestyle of the Celts with Roman customs.
Saint Wulfran, bishop of Sens
Saint Nicetas, bishop of Apollonias
20 holy martyrs of Mar Saba Monastery in Palestine
Blessed Ambrogio Sansedoni, Dominican priest
At Siena, Blessed Ambrogio Sansedoni, priest of the Order of Preachers, who was a disciple of Saint Albert the Great and, although a man versed in doctrine and preaching, showed himself at the same time simple towards everyone.
Saint John of Nepomuk, priest and martyr at Prague
Blessed Battista Spagnoli, Carmelite priest
Blessed Ippolito Galantini, founder of the Congregation of Saint Francis of Christian Doctrine
Blessed Jeanne Veron, virgin of the Sisters of Charity of Our Lady, martyr of France
Blessed Francisco de Jesús María y José Palau y Quer, Discalced Carmelite priest, founder of the Institute of the Sisters of Missionary Carmelites
Saint María Josefa del Corazón de Jesús Sancho de Guerra, virgin, founder of the Servants of Jesus of Charity
Saint Józef Bilczewski, archbishop of Lviv
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